The plugin is comprised of three components:
- cPanel Frontend (CGI)
- WHM Frontend (CGI)
- Backend daemon
This is the page that is usable by the cPanel end-user. The page is implemented as a Linux binary implementing the CGI interface, written in Go.
From here, the user can issue & and install new certificates, or remove existing ones from their domains.
All plugin code executes as the user who is logged into the cPanel session.
All data relating to the plugin is persisted in the user’s NVData store, which is located in
~/.cpanel/nvdata/letsencrypt-cpanel. This includes their Let’s Encrypt™ account key, domain private keys, and certificates. Keys and certificates are also stored in the SSL/TLS manager, as this is required to actually install the certificate to a domain.
Note that cPanel already stores its SSL private data in
$HOME/ssl for each user, so this is not a security issue we are in a place to address.
Issuing a certificate
Issuing the certificate is a “one-click” operation, which involves:
- Generating an Account Key if necessary
- Generating a Domain Private Key (RSA 2048-bit)
- Generating a Certificate Signing Request (CSR) for a single domain
- Requesting an HTTP challenge from the Let’s Encrypt™ service
- Installing the challenge response file into the relevant domain’s webroot
- Notifying the Let’s Encrypt™ service that the challenge is ready
- Issuing the certificate
- Installing the certificate
This is a service that runs in the background as the root user (although all API actions are done via specific user impersonation sessions, in order to minimise risk).
The daemon is installed by the installer as a SysVinit or systemd service, and additionally monitored by checksrvd.
The daemon performs three roles:
- Renewal of user domain certificates
- Issuing certificate for WHM host
- AutoSSL (if enabled)
The renewal process runs every 12 hours, and iterates through all of the users on the server, searching for certificates managed by the plugin, that are within 30 days of expiry.
The end-user is notified (via the address attached to the cPanel account) of successful or failed renewal attempts. Private keys are re-used to issue a new certificate.
Renewal presently is the same procedure as issuing a new certificate, as that is the only method supported currently by the ACME implementation (Boulder). Therefore, rate limits apply.
Refer to Service Certificates.
Refer to AutoSSL documentation.
The WHM frontend provides the root administrator an opportunity to review all of the Let’s Encrypt SSL certificates on the server, and to additionally have access to some common configuration options.